Bram Fridhandler, Ph.D.

(415) 409-9800


Document or Website

(Click on link to access.)

Rules of conduct for California-licensed MFT's, LCSW's, and psychologists My table summarizing sets of rules governing California BBS and BoP licensees.  The table includes links to each document (some of which are also available in the present table).  
AAMFT 2001 Code of Ethics Current Ethics Code for members of the American Association for Marriage and Family Therapy. 
American Psychoanalytic Assn. Principles and Standards of Ethics for Psychoanalysts (2001) The American Psychoanalytic Association's ethics code.  
Amer. Psychological Assn. (2002). Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct

Used by Board of Psychology experts and the Board in evaluating consumer complaints, per section 2936 of the Business and Professions Code.

Amer. Psychological Assn. (2000). Guidelines for Psychotherapy with Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual Clients

Developed by a Joint Task Force of the APA, adopted by APA Council of Representatives in Feb. 2000.  Also published in Amer.  Psychologist, 55, 1440-1451, Dec.  2000. 

Amer. Psychological Assn. (2002).
Multicultural practice guidelines
Full title: Guidelines on Multicultural Education, Training, Research, Practice, and Organizational Change for Psychologists
Amer. Psychological Assn. (2009).  Guidelines for Child Custody Evaluations in Family Law Proceedings Used by some California Board of Psychology experts in evaluating complaints against psychologists doing child custody evaluations.  Approved by APA in 2009. 
Amer. Psychological Assn. (2007).  Record Keeping Guidelines The most authoritative document on record keeping for psychologists.
American Psychoanalytic Association Practice Bulletin 2: Charting Psychoanalysis Recommends that psychoanalysts and those providing “modified psychoanalytic treatment” not make progress notes, in order to preserve essential treatment frame.  
AxCrypt: Free encryption software for Windows Free.  Encrypts and decrypts one file at a time.  Seems to work fine.  Although AxCrypt is free, the authors ask you to donate if it works out for you.   
ASPBB Certificate of Professional Qualification in Psychology (CPQ) Makes it much easier for psychologists to obtain licenses in many U.S. States and Canadian provinces.
"Are mandated reporters required to report past incidents of child abuse of persons who are now adults?" An "informal opinion" issued by the California Attorney General's Office in 1987 and not revised.  Available to the public through the Attorney General's Office.  I have posted it here on my website for your convenience.  You can read it online or download it for printing.  
Board of Behavioral Sciences (BBS) California licensing board for MFT's and LCSW's.  Much pertinent information.  It's a good idea to browse this site every few months. 
BBS Continuing Education requirements A convenient chart summarizing CE requirements for license renewal as an MFT or LCSW.  (In pdf format, so you need Adobe Acrobat Reader.)  
BBS Supervisors FAQ A concise summary of training requirements for supervising MFT Interns, Trainees, or LCSW Associates
Board of Psychology (BoP) California licensing board for psychologists.  Much pertinent information.  It's a good idea to browse this site every few months. 
CAMFT Ethical Standards (2011) Current Ethics Code for members of the California Association of Marriage and Family Therapists. Used by California BBS experts evaluating complaints against MFT's.  
California Legal Code You can search the entire California legal code. Find a specific law by entering the number and confining the search to a single Code (e.g., Business and Professions Code). To browse the chapter on psychology, go to table of contents for Business and Professions Code by checking it and leaving search field blank, then scroll down to Division 2 (Healing Arts) Chapter 6.6 (Psychologists).  
California Code of Regulations If you want to find a regulation (i.e., passed by the BBS or BoP, not the legislature), you can search the California Code of Regulations (CCR).  It's a little difficult to find things, though.  The summaries prepared by the boards are a better source (see links above).  

This CCR search site is most useful for finding regulations that are so new they aren't in the boards' summaries yet.  If you know the approximate section number, you can go straight to it if you remember that the regulations for our professions are in Title 16.   

Caudill, Brandt.  (date unknown).  Malpractice & Licensing Pitfalls for Therapists: A Defense Attorney's List Very concise and direct statement of potentially dangerous practices, written by one of the top therapist defense attorneys in California. He is co-author of Law and mental health professionals: California and was the attorney for the updated CPA Division I Expertise Series.  
Manesse, J., Saito, G., & Rodolfa, E. (2004). Diversity based psychology: What practitioners and trainers need to know. Board of Psychology. A statement about cultural competence on the Board of Psychology website. Important, though not binding, as a regulation would be.  In pdf format.  
"Documentation of Psychotherapy by Psychiatrists" (1999) Recommendations from the Commission on Psychotherapy by Psychiatrists, Amer. Psychiatric Assn. Strongly advocates measures to preserve integrity of psychotherapy.  In pdf format, so you need Adobe Acrobat Reader. 
Donner, Michael, and the Expertise Series Task Force (2008).  Reporting of Suspected Child Abuse. Article from the Division I Expertise Series on child abuse reporting, updated by Dr. Donner and published by the Board of Psychology.  See page 4.  (This is a large pdf file, over 5 Mb.)
Expertise Series of Division I of the California Psychological Assn. A set of concise, authoritative documents on legal and ethical topics for California psychologists.  (I chaired the 2004 task force that updated these documents and they were updated again in 2012.)  They are free to members of Division I and available at cost to other members of CPA.  
Fridhandler, Bram, and the Expertise Series Task Force (2006).  Informed consent.  Article from the Division I Expertise Series on informed consent, published by the Board of Psychology.  Presents a more reasonable approach than the Ebert article published in the same place.  See page 15. 
HIPAA information from the Federal government Copious, authoritative, up-to-date information on the two HIPAA Rules most relevant for practitioners.  
HIPAA Covered Entity Decision Tools Federal government resource (CMS) explaining who must comply with HIPAA.  Clarifies that practitioners who do not use electronic transmission are not required to comply with HIPAA. (Ordinary faxes do not constitute "electronic transmission." See footnote 3 to the Covered Entity Charts.)
HIPAA Security Rule Primer A summary from the American Psychological Association.
International Psychoanalytical Assn. Ethical Principles and Procedures The International Psychoanalytical Association's ethics code.  
Medicare guidelines for provision and documentation of psychotherapy This link takes you to the Search Page.  Enter the document number L28294 in the ID Search box at the upper right.  This should take you to the latest version of this document for Northern California.  (If the document says "Retired" at the top, go back to the search page and do a keyword search for the word "psychotherapy" in the title.  Choose the appropriate coverage area, e.g., Northern California.)  
NASW 1999 Code of Ethics Current Ethics Code for members of the National Association of Social Workers.  Used by California BBS experts evaluating complaints against LCSW's.  
National Center for Youth Law. (2006).  Minor Consent, Confidentiality, and Child Abuse Reporting in California A clear summary of California law regarding minor's consent to health and mental health treatment, confidentiality and abuse reporting. 
For detailed information about consent and confidentiality in minor's mental health and other treatment, click here
As of Jan. 1, 2011, California minors 12 years and older gained the ability to consent to psychotherapy whether or not they are abuse victims or dangerous to self or others.  Click here for more information. 
“Professional Therapy Never Includes Sex” Adobe Acrobat version of pamphlet that primary supervisor must give to every psychology supervisee and that therapists must give to patients if they report "sexual contact" with a therapist. Revised in 2009.